Koryo medicine is a national medical science created and developed by Koreans in the long historical days of treatment of disease.
Applying rich resources of Koryo medicines, needle, moxa cautery, cupping, massage and other specific remedies, the medicine has contributed to preventing and curing human diseases and protecting people’s health.
From old times needle was of different material, type and size.
In the Stone Age needle was made of stone. It was called Phyomsok.
Phyomsok, as remains of over 5 000 years ago, was unearthed at Kulpho-ri, Rason City.
Remains and relics of the Neolithic Age show that Koreans made stone needle and bone needle to treat diseases.
The Korean, living as a homogenous nation for thousands of years, conducted steady medical activities.
With the development of iron–making technology they made 9 types of needle.
In modern times more types were added.
Recently electric needle and laser needle have been developed and used.
According to data acupuncture and moxibustion developed more rapidly in the 17th century and many books were published
The book “Chimgugyonghombang” (Empirical Acupuncture and Moxibustion ) compiled by a Korean Ho Im (1570 ~ 1647) was widely distributed in Japan, too.
It was published in Osaka in 1725, greatly influencing the development of acupuncture and moxibustion in Japan.
It is said that a Japanese learned acupuncture and moxibustion in Korea in 642 to become a doctor of acupuncture.
Acupuncture and moxibustion, long traditional curative methods of Korea spread to many countries of the world in the 20th century.
Clinically, acupuncture and moxibustion were applied to some 300 types of diseases in the 1970s, but to over 800 types in the 1990s.
Now, one hundred and scores of countries are applying acupuncture and moxibustion in preventive and curative medical care in close combination with modern medical science.
Highly effective view of treatment methods are being created and developed steadily to cure obstinate diseases.