The whole life and work of chairman KIM JONG IL was closely associated with the development of the Juche Idea and Songun Idea . As many of you know KIM JONG IL systematised and developed the Juche Idea which had first been pioneered by the great leader President KIM IL SUNG in his classic thesis “On the Juche Idea “ some 34 years ago on the 30th of March 1982 as well as a number of other works . The Juche Idea is fully embodied in the Songun Idea, or army first idea . Songun is the guarantee for carrying out the Juche Idea of realizing the independence of the popular masses. Chairman KIM JONG IL began his Songun revolutionary leadership on the 25th of August 1960 at the historic Seoul Ryu Kyong Su no 105 Tank division of the Korean People’s Army. Comrade KIM JONG IL elaborated the theory of Songun in works such as The Songun-based Revolutionary Line Is a Great Revolutionary Line of Our Era and an ever-victorious banner of our revolution" which was written some 13 years ago on the 29th of January 2003 .
What do Juche and Songun mean today , how are they are applied in the world today ? Although Juche is a simple yet varied philosophical concept , the core of which is the idea that man is master and decides everything . Juche defines man as possessing independence, creativity and consciousness.
How is Juche expressed in bread and butter terms ? What does in mean in terms of immediate day to day policies. Chairman KIM JONG IL in his work “On the Juche Idea “ said “If the revolution and construction are to be carried out as required by the Juche idea, independence must be maintained and realized in Party and state activities.
The leader laid down the principles of Juche in ideology, independence in politics, self-sufficiency in the economy, and self-reliance in defense as the principles of realizing independence. The principles of Juche, independence, self-sufficiency and self-reliant defense are the guiding principles of realizing independence in the spheres of ideology, politics, the economy and defense
So Juche can be defined in terms of its practical application as having three core principles namely independence, self sustenance and self-defence. Of course this is not to reduce Juche as simply meaning self-reliance.
This particular aspect of the Juche Idea is being actively carried forward by dear respected Marshal KIM JONG UN who stressed the idea of self -development , of using indigenous resources and technology in his 2016 New Year address.
"Worship of big countries and dependence on foreign forces is the road to national ruin; self-development alone is the road to sustaining the dignity of our country and our nation and to paving a broad avenue for the revolution and construction”
These words contain a great truth and reflect the fundamental interests of the Korean people and the basic principles of the Korean revolution. We applaud this. This deals a shattering blow to those who want to make the DPRK dependent on imperialism and big powers. Marshal KIM JONG UN in his New Year address praised the fact that DPRK workers produced a tube train and a plane by themselves using technology and resources domestically available.
The daily paper of the Workers Party of Korea Rodong Sinmun (Daily Worker) on Friday January 22nd said “ It is a vital matter under the present situation where the imperialists are becoming desperate to enslave other countries and nations to advance on the principle of self-reliance and self-development, away from dependence on outside forces.
Furthermore. the article states “ Self-development is the only way of justice and victory to protect the dignity of the country and nation and achieve genuine development and prosperity. This is the historical review of the Korean revolution which has advanced under the banner of independence.
The DPRK neither reads other's face nor kowtows to others but does everything according to its own intention and resolution to meet its own interests as it counts on its own efforts.
The DPRK emerged a nuclear weapons state having even H-bomb despite high-handed and arbitrary practices of nuclear powers.”
In carrying out the recent H bomb test the DPRK defied the US imperialists, the UNSC, the south Korean puppets but also the big powers that neighbour the DPRK. It was a most powerful manifestation of the DPRK's independence , of the DPRK going its own way , the Juche way !The DPRK's H bomb is a product of indigenous wisdom, technology and effort. It is not the gift of another country nor can another country stop the DPRK from having a nuclear deterrent.
The H bomb test by the DPRK is a powerful demonstration of its independence , its spirit of self-reliance based on the great Juche Idea which has rocked the imperialist world.
There are those who talk about sanctions against the DPRK and of the possibility of inveigling of certain country into this. It is not the purpose of this paper to speculate on how far this country will go down that road or the state of relations between that country and the DPRK or indeed the rights and wrongs of that country. However what I can say is that socialism in the DPRK is not the gift of another country. When I was in the DPRK a few months ago I saw many buildings being constructed . Korean people were working hard to make their country more better and beautiful but of course it was Korean workers and soldiers who were building the Mirae Scientists Street , not workers from another country .
You will now see many cars on the streets of the DPRK , many of them are made in the DPRK by the Peace Motors Corporation . Visiting the
DPRK in the 1990s and shopping it was sometimes difficult to find DPRK made products but in October 2015 the Koryo Hotel shop had few non DPRK products in it as did the Airport shop .
As Rodong Sinmun of the 27th of January stated
“ Holding high the banner of the Juche idea, the Korean people made Yanji bomb from scratch with neither state support nor assistance from a regular army to beat down the gangster-like Japanese imperialists and completed the post-war rehabilitation and construction in just a few years, dealing a sledge-hammer blow at the heads of the U.S. imperialists who claimed the DPRK could not stand on its feet from war debris even in a hundred years. They also worked such a miracle as carrying out the historic task of socialist industrialization in a matter of 14 years”
The H bomb test was also a powerful manifestation of the Songun or army first politics of the DPRK which teaches the gains of the revolution , the security of socialism is defended by force. As the statement of the DPRK government said so aptly “The present-day grim reality clearly proves once again the immutable truth that one's destiny should be defended by one's own efforts.
Nothing is more foolish than dropping a hunting gun before herds of ferocious wolves.”
In the past few decades many countries have fallen victim to the aggression of US imperialism and its surrogates and puppets , the list is endless ; Iraq,Libya and Afghanistan just to name a few. However the DPRK has implemented Songun politics and built up its defence potential with a strong deterrent.
In the past Korea under feudal Ri dynasty could even produce the simplest weapons except for very crude matchlock rifles. The feudal rulers looked to Russia and China for defence instead of mobilising the Korean people . Korea was caught up in the contention between rival imperialist powers such as Japan, US , Russia , China , Britain and France . Eventually it lost its independence. Following the Songun line and the Juche Idea, Respected Marshal KIM JONG UN and the Workers' Party of Korea are determined that history should never be repeated and that Korea should never rely on others for its defence.
Songun also means militant anti-imperialism . The DPRK is without a doubt one of the most anti American countries on the face of the planet which carries out strong anti-US, anti-imperialist education as I myself witnessed during my visit to the Sinchon museum last October.
The US and other imperialists turn their hatred and venom towards the DPRK not because of “human rights “ nor because of the nuclear issue but because the DPRK under the banner of the Juche idea is self-reliant and is committed to self-development . This is what irks the imperialists the most. They also fear the spread of the Juche Idea and Songun Idea throughout the world , they do not want the DPRK’s example spreading to other countries
However the imperialists are in vain . The influence of the Juche Idea and Songun Idea are spreading rapidly. There are over 1,000 groups for the study of the Juche idea , the first one being formed in the West African country of Mali in 1969. In 1978 the International Institute of the Juche Idea was founded and a World Juche Congress attended by Over 300 delegates from many different countries was held in April
2012.Organizations whose purpose is the study and dissemination of Songun politics have also been established. For instance, there is the UK Association for the Study of Songun Politics, the US Songun Study Group, the Ukrainian Treasured Sword of Songun Association, the Ugandan Songun Study Association, the Bangladesh Songun Policy Study Group and many other groups and associations throughout the world. A Songun Internet Group that promotes Songun on the Internet has existed since 2003. An International Songun Study Centre and global Songun study group was formed in 2014 and an international seminar on Songun was conducted by video link with participants from several countries. The book “Songun Internationale “1 and 2 was published in Bangladesh.
The Juche Idea and Songun are not abstract but firmly grounded in the realities of the world and are enjoying increasing support from the world people because they show the way to true independence.