Pyongyang, November 18 (KCNA) -- The History Society of the DPRK Wednesday issued a memorandum on the lapse of 110 years since the Japanese imperialists fabricated "Ulsa (1905) Five-point Treaty".
Japan has made desperate efforts to paint the above-said treaty as
"legal", but it can neither deny the illegality and invalidity of the
"treaty" nor write off them as it could hardly be called treaty.
The treaty was an illegal document because it was not ratified by the supreme ruler.
On November 17, 1905, the Japanese imperialists fabricated the
"treaty" by a brigandish method, reducing Korea to their colony and
forcing the Korean people into disgraceful slavery.
The treaty was an illegal and fraudulent document as it totally lacked legal validity.
The most important reason for calling the treaty illegal was that
the treaty was cooked up by coercing the state representative.
The Japanese imperialists employed every means and method to make
the treaty "legal", but they failed to attain their despicable purpose
in face of Emperor Kojong's opposition.
The main point was that they failed to get ratification by Emperor Kojong, the supreme ruler of the Feudal Korean Dynasty.
The story about the emperor's "approval" of the negotiations on the treaty was a sheer fabrication.
The Japanese scholars are trying very hard to paint the "Ulsa
Five-point Treaty" as "legal." They claim that "modality for signing a
treaty is not defined by its contents but by the agreement reached
between the parties concerned" and the absence of letter of attorney and
ratifications could not be the reason for considering the "Ulsa treaty"
as invalid because Japan signed the treaty with Korea by the way of
getting the approval from the "emperor of Japan" and the emperor of
However, the historical facts clearly prove that the Feudal Korean
Dynasty did not have exhaustive discussion on the modality for
concluding the treaty with Japan and Emperor Kojong did not approve it.
They, at the same time, prove that Japan is a serious forger of history
as it distorted historic materials in a bid to cover up the fabrication
of the "Ulsa treaty" by creating impression that Emperor Kojong approved
The story about the "approval" of Emperor Kojong is nothing but a
fig-leaf to cover the major flaw of the modality for signing an informal
treaty which is the main reason for declaring the "Ulsa treaty" as
illegal and invalid.
The memorandum said the "Ulsa Five-point Treaty" is not worth calling "treaty" as it has no proper name.
The original copy of the "treaty" fabricated by the Japanese
imperialists on November 17, 1905 did not have any proper name, except
for preface and articles.
According to international usage, a treaty without proper name
cannot be called a treaty and it cannot be put on the negotiating table
with the contracting party and the countries concerned cannot sign it.
But the "Collection of Old Treaties" Vol. 3 (Korea, Ryukyu)
published by the Treaty Bureau of the Japan Foreign Ministry in 1934
called the "Ulsa Five-point Treaty" "Japan-Korea agreement" in Japanese
and just "agreement" in English and "Ilhan Hyopsangjoyak" in Korean.
The "Ulsa Five-point Treaty" was an illegal document from any point of view.
Nevertheless, Japan has neither admitted the heinous crimes
committed in Korea in the past nor made any apology and reparation for
them while letting loose sheer sophism that the colonial rule over Korea
was "legally valid."
More shameless behaviors of Japan will only touch off ever stronger
anti-Japanese sentiment among the Korean people and they will further
embolden them to settle accounts with the sworn enemy Japan without
fail, concluded the memorandum. -0-