On October 10th it will be 70 years since the Workers' Party of Korea was founded as the Communist Party of north Korea by the great leader comrade KIM IL SUNG. Throughout its history the Workers' Party of Korea has not only blazed a trail of intense class struggle but also a road of many glorious victories.Throughout its existence it has been led and guided by the great leaders
comrade KIM IL SUNG , KIM JONG IL and the dear respected leader Marshal KIM JONG UN
The Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) was founded as a result ot the struggle waged by the genuine communist revolutionaries inspired by the great Juche Idea and led by the great leader comrade KIM IL SUNG. The roots of the WPK are in the anti-Japanese revolutionary armed struggle led by the great leader comrade KIM IL SUNG. The first communist revolutionary organisation in Korea was the Down with Imperialism Union which the great leader comrade KIM IL SUNG established with a small but determined band of followers , young people who were untainted by the muddy currents of factionalism, flunkeyism(the ideology of fawing on big powers and other outside forces) and opportunism . The DIU organically combined the tasks of class and national liberation
Comrade KIM IL SUNG rallied the adherents of the DIU with the following words,
Irreconcilable contradictions exist between the imperialists and people in the colonies and these contradictions are sharpening with the passage of time. Because these contradictions are antagonistic they cannot be settled by any kind of 'compromise ' and will only be solved when imperialism is overthrown..The formation of the Down with Imperialism Union is a declaration of a decisive to destroy Japanese imperialism and of confrontation with imperialism worldwide
The first party organisation , the Society For Rallying Comrades was formed on the 3rd of July 1930 .Later a Homeland Party Working Committee came into being. Party organisations was also formed within the Association For the Restoration of the Fatherland ( an anti-imperialist united front body set up in 1936) and the Korean National Liberation Union ( a lower level organisation of the Association for the Restoration of the Fatherland organised within the Korean homeland) . The long and arduous road of the struggle to found the party finally came to a conclusion on the 10th of October 1945 when the Communist Party of North Korea was founded .Even it was not plain sailing as the US imperialist had seized the southern half of Korea and schemed to make south Korea and a puppet state and at the same time overthrow the new people's democracy in the north . The WPK faced the enemy within,the factionalists. whose strings were pulled by the US imperialists Pak Hong Yong an inveterate factionalist and CIA agent tried to disrupt the formation of the WPK.Also Right and Left opportunists created confusion by putting forward incorrect theories .The Rightists wanted to create a bourgeois republic(and even wanted to have south Korean puppet fascist as their the president) and Leftists wanted an instant socialist revolution and abolition of private property.
The great leader comrade KIM IL SUNG smashed the moves of the factionalists and cemented the unity of the new party.Later in 1949 the Workers Party of North Korea and Workers Party of South Korea merged to form a single party.
The WPK represents the the workers,peasants and working intellectuals- it includes the writing bush in its party symbol to represent the intellectuals in addition to hammer for the industrial workers and sickle for farm workers. The WPK has always strived to unite the popular masses around it. Today the DPRK led by the WPK under the guidance of dear respected Marshal KIM JONG UN is known as the most stable , united and harmonious society in the world.The people and the party,the WPK,are welded into a unbreakable steel-like unity.People are united around the leader and party. In fact the leader, party and masses form a trinity . In the DPRK 99.98 per cent of electors vote and vote 100% for the candidates.This is something unknown in capitalist societies which are rent with division , contradiction and strife !
Throughout its existence the WPK struggled against the evil of factionalism, revisionism and opportunism. It defeated several counter revolutionary factional cliques throughout the course of its history .During the fierce Fatherland Liberation War(Korean war ) the Pak Hon Yong-Li Sung Yop spy clique who were agents of the US imperialist Central Intelligence Agency betrayed the country , caused losses in the war and planned to overthrow the leadership. The great revolutionary leader Marshal KIM IL SUNG smashed them and saved the DPRK from being sold out to US imperialism and turned into a colony of the US. In 1956 when modern revisionism reared its ugly head in the international communist movement a factional clique planned to overthrow the supreme leadership of the DPRK and declare Korea a pro American 'neutral nation' . The great leader comrade KIM IL SUNG exposed and defeated these factionalists and went deep amongst the people and got their support. In 1967 the anti-party counter-revolutionary factionalists were smashed at the15th Plenary Meeting of the Fourth Party Central Committee of the WPK as a result of the struggle waged by the great leader comrade KIM IL SUNG and comrade KIM JONG IL. In December 2013 the dear respected leader Marshal KIM JONG UN defeated the modern factionalist clique led by the traitor.
The WPK launched its struggle against modern revisionism in 1955. The WPK saw the struggle against modern revisionism as being very closely tied up to the struggle to defend independence and to avoid copying other countries, or in, other words, to establish Juche. .
As Comrade KIM IL SUNG said:
"In 1955, therefore, our Party set forth the definite policy of establishing Juche, and has been persistently urging an energetic ideological struggle to carry it through ever since. The year 1955 marked a turning point in our Party's consistent struggle against dogmatism. It was also at that time, in fact, that we started our struggle against modern revisionism that had emerged within the socialist camp. Our struggle against dogmatism was thus linked up with the struggle against modern revisionism".
Comrade KIM IL SUNG in his famous and celebrated work 'On Eliminating Dogmatism and Formalism and Establishing Juche in Ideological Work' (December 23rd, 1955), pointed out that a faction within the WPK, on returning from a visit to the Soviet Union, had demanded that Korea should drop its slogan against US imperialism on the grounds the USSR was following the line of easing international tension. This was an early manifestation of attempts by factionalists within the WPK to spread revisionism.
It was in 1956 that things reached a very critical stage. Khrushchev had made his speech to the 20th Congress of the CPSU heralding the onset of modern revisionism (revisionists surfaced in a number of parties and tried to destroy, for example, the CPGB) and the imperialists launched a fierce international anticommunist campaign. Within Korea, the Syngman Rhee puppet regime went wild, talking of a 'March North'. The DPRK had only just completed the post-war reconstruction and rehabilitation of the economy after the devastation caused by the war. The factionalists who had been lurking in the WPK seized the chance to try and overthrow the leadership with the backing of outside revisionists. Indeed the CPSU fraternal delegate to the 3rd Congress of the WPK (who was none other than a certain L. I. Brezhnev) made a veiled attack on the WPK leadership. Events came to a head in August, when the factionalists tried to stage their coup under the manipulation of the great power chauvinists and revisionists. Their aim was to deny the Party's leadership role and paralyse the dictatorship of the proletariat. They also wished to stamp out the revolutionary conditions of the WPK forged in the flames of the anti-Japanese armed struggle. They even intended to proclaim Korea a pro-American 'neutral nation'. However, Comrade KIM IL SUNG led the people to smash the anti-Party counter-revolutionary factional clique. The WPK launched internally an anti-factional, anti-revisionist struggle. Comrade KIM IL SUNG attacked factionalism and revisionism at a Party Conference on March 6 1958. Referring to factionalism, he said:
"No faction is better or worse than any other. All come from the same mould; they are all products of capitalist influence in the working class movement. And they are a poison that destroys our Party and the working class movement in Korea".
Speaking of revisionism, Comrade KIM IL SUNG said:
"The imperialists and their servants the revisionists are now spreading revisionism in opposition to Marxism-Leninism and the communist movement. . . . It has made and is making inroads into our country too, and the anti-Party groups have exported it for their own ends. . . . To reject our Party's leadership means precisely to deny the revolution and capitulate to capitalism. Therefore it is necessary not only to fight against the revisionists who reject Party leadership, but also to combat relentlessly all the unsettling elements that provide good soil for revisionism...Revisionists refashion Marxism-Leninism. They laud themselves as cleverer Marxist-Leninists than Marx or Lenin. Certain countries have this tendency. Some people insist we must peacefully co-exist with the Yankees. How can we do so without opposing US imperialism?"
In the early 60s, Comrade KIM IL SUNG made the struggle of the WPK against modern revisionism a major priority in the Party. He attacked modern revisionism at the 4th Congress. At the March 8 1962 3rd plenary meeting of the CC, Comrade Kim Il Sung defined the strengthening of the struggle against revisionism as a key task in Party work. He also with great clarity elucidated the true nature of modern revisionism:
"The sources of revisionism are acceptance of domestic bourgeois influence and surrender to external imperialist pressure. Both old revisionism and modern revisionism are one and the same in essence and in aims. Both deny the basic principles of Marxism and call for a renunciation of the revolutionary struggle on the pretext that times have changed".
Around this time, the WPK daily newspaper RODONG SINMUN (Labour Daily) carried several articles attacking revisionism -- notable the article 'Let Us Uphold National Liberation' in 1964, and 'Let Us Defend the Socialist Camp', published in October 1963. These articles were translated into different languages and disseminated outside Korea.
Within Korea, a thoroughgoing campaign against modern revisionism was carried out. Comrade KIM IL SUNG addressed army soldiers on the dangers of revisionism, as well as the League of Socialist Working Youth and other mass organisations.
As the 60s progressed, it became apparent that a serious split had developed within the international communist movement. Comrade Kim Il Sung and the Workers' Party of Korea took the position of opposing revisionism, but at the same time maintaining a principled position of defending the unity of the international communist movement. A special conference of the WPK was called in October 1966. At this conference Comrade KIM IL SUNG attacked modern revisionism:
"Modern revisionism revises Marxism-Leninism and emasculates its revolutionary quintessence under the pretext of a 'changed situation' and 'creative development'. It rejects class struggle and the dictatorship of the proletariat; it preaches class collaboration and gives up fighting imperialism. Moreover, modern revisionism spread illusions about imperialism and in every way obstructed the revolutionary struggle of the peoples for social and national liberation".
However, he also took to task left opportunism, which had appeared in the international communist movement:
"We must fight 'Left' opportunism as well as modern revisionism. 'Left' opportunists fail to take into account changed realities and dogmatically seek isolated propositions of Marxism-Leninism; they lead people to extremist action under super-revolutionary slogans. They also divorce the Party from the masses, split the revolutionary forces and prevent a concentrated attack on the principal enemy".
Furthermore he pointed out that the struggle against both Right and 'Left' opportunism was closely linked to the struggle for the unity of the socialist camp and the cohesion of the international communist movement. Lastly, he saw the struggle for the unity and cohesion of the international communist movement and against modern revisionism and 'Left' opportunism as being integral to the fight for independence within the socialist camp. Comrade Kim Il Sung pointed to the danger inherent in losing independence:
"If we lack independence and identity, and follow in others' steps in present-day conditions, we cannot have principle and consistency in our lines and policies. This will not only eventually do enormous harm to our revolution and construction, but will inflict a great damage on the international communist movement".
The WPK under the leadership of the great leader comrade KIM IL SUNG maintained a strict policy of independence . Even when the socialist countries and international communist movement were divided the WPK maintained relations with all ruling parties of the Soviet Union, China, Albania , Cuba etc and did not take sides in the strife that occurred.
The mid and late 1980s saw the emergence of the most dangerous and destructive form of modern revisionism in the form of Gorbachev-ism, perestroika and glasnost . Comrade KIM IL SUNG the great leader of the Korean revolution, was one of the first leaders in the socialist world to see through it and attack it.During a talk to senior officials of the Economic Sector on the 3rd of January 1987, Comrade Kim Il Sung made the following analysis of the DPRK's position vis a vis the socialist world:
"Modern revisionism which has appeared in the international communist movement is also creating a lot of difficulties for our revolution. On the pretext of 'reforming' and 'reorganising' socialism, the modern revisionists are following the road to capitalism and abandoning internationalist principles. It is, therefore, difficult for us to expect from them co-operation based on internationalism in the building of socialism. What is worse, they are applying economic pressure on us because we do not follow their wrong, revisionist policy".The WPK, under the guidance of KIM IL SUNG and KIM JONG IL led two stages of revolution, the anti-imperialist, anti-feudal democratic revolution and the socialist revolution . Stunning transformations of society were carried out. The DPRK has gone through several periods of reconstruction. Firstly , after liberation when the new democratic Korea had to be built on the ruins of Japanese colonialism with bare hands. Secondly, after the devastation caused by the Yankee imperialists during the 3 year long Fatherland Liberation War. Thanks to the leadership of the great leader comrade KIM IL SUNG and the WPK socialist industrialisation was carried out .During the period 1957-1970 the DPRK's economy grew by 19.1%. Between 1946 and 1984 industrial output value increased by 431 times and national income increased by 65 times.
Korea which once could not produce large size weapons is a nuclear power and is able to send rockets into space , something that once could not even be dreamed of when Korea was a Japanese colony . Indeed the DPRK is one of a small number of countries that is capable of launching satellites.
Under the leadership of the WPK an advanced socialist system centred on the popular masses was created . The Korean people enjoy the rights to work , to free education , to free medical care , to housing and to rest. Taxation was abolished in 1974.
The Workers' Party of Korea is now led by dear respected Marshal KIM JONG UN who follows in the footsteps of the great leaders comrade
KIM IL SUNG and KIM JONG IL. He is spurring the Korean people ahead at a new Korean spread towards the bright morrow of a thriving socialist country Now new buildings , many of them ,considerable in scale , are rising one after the other in the DPRK.
The history of the Workers' Party of Korea is the history of victory . Inheriting the traditions of the Down With Imperialism Union the WPK under the leadership of dear respected Marshal KIM JONG UN will be ever-victorious ! LONG LIVE THE WORKERS PARTY OF KOREA !
chairman Juche Idea Study Group of England
President Association For the Study of Songun Politics UK
KFA UK Official Delegate